1 Remember rules of three.
If you’re ever in doubt of your situation, remember the survival Rules of Three: three minutes without air, three hours without shelter, three days without water and three weeks without food.
2 Keep track of time.
A trick to staying alert and well-adjusted mentally is to keep track of how many days pass. Your mind will begin to play tricks on you if you are not maintaining some form of ritual.
3 Don’t give up.
Remember that you can never win a race you don’t run. If you give up, you eliminate 100% of the chances you have of surviving.
4. No water, no food.
You will need energy but remember that the more you eat, the more thirsty you will become. If you have no water source, eating something could be the very thing that ends it all for you.
5. Stay at the crash site.
If you’ve been in a crash, it is okay to explore for water sources and safety, but it is important to come back to the crash site. It’s a lot easier for search parties to find plane wreckage than it is to find a single person.
6. Always have a knife with you.
If you’re headed on a nature trip, play it safe and smart by carrying a good quality knife with you at all times. It will help you with everything from making sparks for a fire to cutting through tough terrain.
7. Drink your urine.
Yes, it sounds disgusting but your urine could actually save your life if you face the risks of dehydration. It can also clean wounds and in hot weather, can be used on a fabric to keep you cool.
8. Always carry a backpack.
Kayak backpacks and Camel backpacks are ideal. They are small, waterproof and lightweight. They will enable you to travel great distances without weighing you down or getting caught on something.
9. Waterproof your phone.
If you are traveling, make sure to keep your cellphone well-charged and stored in some plastic Ziploc pouches. Double bag it to be safe. This will keep it dry and ready to use if you end up in range of cell towers.
10. Breathe through your nose.
You use more energy breathing through your mouth than your nose. You also lose moisture faster.
11. Mark Your Way.
If you’re leaving the area you began in and plan to come back, leave yourself some kind of markers along the way so you can find your way back.
12. Stay Calm.
13. Stay hungry.
Nibble just enough of the food you can find to keep your strength up but stop at that. Getting full or trying to eat a meal is bad for rationing and your energy levels.
14. Have fresh socks.
Along with your cellphone, keep a fresh pair of hiking socks in a dry place. Having pairs to switch between each day will keep your feet warm and help keep morale up by having something comfortable to look forward to.
15. Always carry water.
Even if you think you’re just going on a basic nature hike, you must always have water with you. You can only survive three days in the desert without water and only about a week if you are in a colder environment.
16. Ration the water.
You likely only have less than a day’s supply of water with you. Take small, rationed sips of your water throughout the day.
17. Find any means of shelter.
Get your body out of the sun by finding some cover under trees or in an uninhabited cave. If neither are available, make your own shelter from whatever you can find. (Maybe not this shelter.)
18. Keep your head wrapped up.
Your body will waste a lot of energy trying to keep your body cool in the heat and warm in the cold. Keep it covered with a hat or wrap some clothing around it. Reduce the amount of energy your body uses keping temperatures at proper levels during the day and night.