1. Don’t smoke. Period.
2. Eat plenty of dark, leafy green vegetables, such as raw spinach. Just a half cup of raw spinach three times a week is good.
3. Take a multivitamin/multimineral supplement, such as Centrum Silver, unless your doctor advises otherwise.
4. If you already have AMD, ask your doctor about one of the AREDS formulations, such as Alcon I-Caps, Bausch + Lomb Ocuvite PreserVision or ScienceBased Health MacularProtect Complete.
5. Eat fish or take a fish oil supplement. I recommend taking two enteric-coated fish oil capsules every day on days you don’t eat fish. Why enteric-coated? Because it’s designed to help the capsule pass through your stomach unaltered until it finally breaks apart in the intestines; that way, you won’t belch up that fishy taste!
6. Exercise regularly, and stay at a healthy weight.
7. Eat fruit and nuts daily.
8. Reduce refined carbohydrates (high-glycemic index foods).
9. Keep your blood pressure and cholesterol under control. Regular exercise and weight control can help manage your blood pressure and cholesterol.
10. Wear appropriate sunglasses outdoors to block UV and blue light that may cause eye damage.
11. Have regular eye exams.
For more information on vision and loss due to age-related issues or from opportunistic infections in the eyes from diseases like HIV or Diabetes you can also find information here.