1. Avoid the sun. It’s the No. 1 cause of wrinkles, with dozens of studies documenting the impact. In one study that looked at identical twins, New York plastic surgeon Darrick Antell, MD, found sun exposure was even more important than heredity. Siblings who limited sun time had fewer wrinkles and looked younger overall than their sun-worshiping twins.
2. Wear sunscreen. If you must go out in the sun, the American Academy of Dermatology says, wear sunscreen! It will protect you from skin cancer, and help prevent wrinkles at the same time.
3. Don’t smoke. Some of the research is still controversial, but more and more studies are confirming that cigarette smoke ages skin — mostly by releasing an enzyme that breaks down collagen and elastin, important components of the skin. Sibling studies done at the Twin Research Unit at St. Thomas Hospital in London found the brother or sister who smoked tended to have skin that was more wrinkled and up to 40% thinner than the non-smoker.
4. Get adequate sleep. Yale dermatologist Nicholas Perricone, MD, says that when you don’t get enough sleep, the body produces excess cortisol, a hormone that breaks down skin cells. Get enough rest, Perricone says, and you’ll produce more HGH (human growth hormone), which helps skin remain thick, more “elastic,” and less likely to wrinkle.
5. Sleep on your back. The American Academy of Dermatology (AAD) cautions that sleeping in certain positions night after night leads to “sleep lines — wrinkles that become etched into the surface of the skin and don’t disappear once you’re up. Sleeping on your side increases wrinkles on cheeks and chin, while sleeping face-down gives you a furrowed brow. To reduce wrinkle formation, the AAD says, sleep on your back.
6. Don’t squint — get reading glasses! The AAD says any repetitive facial movement — like squinting — overworks facial muscles, forming a groove beneath the skin’s surface. This groove eventually becomes a wrinkle. Also important: Wear sunglasses. It will protect skin around the eyes from sun damage — and further keep you from squinting.
7. Eat more fish — particularly salmon. Not only is salmon (along with other cold-water fish) a great source of protein — one of the building blocks of great skin — it’s also an awesome source of an essential fatty acid known as omega-3. Perricone tells WebMD that essential fatty acids help nourish skin and keep it plump and youthful, helping to reduce wrinkles.
8. Eat more soy — So far, most of the proof has come from animal studies, but research does show certain properties of soy may help protect or heal some of the sun’s photoaging damage. In one recent human study, published in the European Journal of Nutrition, researchers reported that a soy-based supplement (other ingredients included fish protein and extracts from white tea, grapeseed, and tomato, as well as several vitamins) improved skin’s structure and firmness after just six months of use.
9. Trade coffee for cocoa. In a study published in the Journal of Nutrition in 2006, researchers found cocoa containing high levels of two dietary flavanols (epicatchin and catechin) protected skin from sun damage, improved circulation to skin cells, affected hydration, and made the skin look and feel smoother.
10. Eat more fruits and vegetables. The key, says Kraus, are their antioxidant compounds. These compounds fight damage caused by free radicals (unstable molecules that can damage cells), which in turn helps skin look younger and more radiant, and protects against some effects of photoaging.
11. Use moisturizer. “Women, especially, are so concerned with antiaging products they often overlook the power of a simple moisturizer. Skin that is moist simply looks better, so lines and creases are far less noticeable,” says Ashinoff.
12. Don’t over-wash your face. According to dermatologists at the University of Maryland Medical Center, tap water strips skin of its natural barrier oils and moisture that protect against wrinkles. Wash them off too often, and you wash away protection. Moreover, unless your soap contains moisturizers, you should use a cleanser instead.
13. Alpha-hydroxy acids (AHAs). These natural fruit acids lift away the top layer of dead skin cells, reducing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, particularly around the eyes. New evidence shows that in higher concentrations, AHAs may help stimulate collagen production.
14. Retinoids (including Retin A). The only FDA-approved topical treatment for wrinkles is tretinoin, known commercially as Retin A. Ashinoff says this prescription cream reduces fine lines and large wrinkles, and repairs sun damage. Retinol is a natural form of vitamin A found in many over-the-counter products. Studies show that in a stabilized formula, in high concentrations, it may be as effective as Retin A, without the side effects, such as skin burning and sensitivity.
15. Topical vitamin C. Studies at Tulane University, among others, have found it can increase collagen production, protect against damage from UVA and UVB rays, correct pigmentation problems, and improve inflammatory skin conditions. The key, however, may be the type of vitamin C used. To date, most of the research points to the L-ascorbic acid form as the most potent for wrinkle relief.
16. Idebenone. This chemical cousin to the nutrient coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10)is a super-powerful antioxidant. In one study published recently in the Journal of Dermatology, doctors found that with just 6 weeks of topical use, there was a 26% reduction in skin roughness and dryness, a 37% increase in hydration, a 29% decrease in lines and wrinkles, and a 33% overall improvement in sun-damaged skin. Other studies have found similar results.
17. Growth factors. Part of the body’s natural wound-healing response, these compounds, when applied topically, may reduce sun damage and decrease lines and wrinkles, while rejuvenating collagen production, studies have shown.
18. Pentapeptides. The results of a study supported by the National Institutes of Health suggested pentapeptides can increase collagen production in sun-damaged skin. Several subsequent studies (including one presented at a recent national dermatology conference) showed that when topically applied, pentapeptides stimulated collagen production and diminished lines and wrinkles.
19. Botox. An injection of this purified version of the Botulinum toxin A relaxes the muscle just underneath the wrinkle, allowing the skin on top to lie smooth and crease-free.
20. Wrinkle fillers. Doctors fill wrinkles with a variety of substances, including collagen, hyaluronic acid, and other synthetic compounds. Popular treatments include Restylane, Juvederm, and ArteFill, among others.
21. Laser/light resurfacing. Here, energy from a light source — either a laser or a pulsed diode light — removes the top layer of skin, causing a slight but unnoticeable skin “wounding.” This kicks the skin’s natural collagen-production system into high gear, resulting in smoother, more wrinkle-free skin.
22. Chemical peels. In this treatment, one of a variety of different chemicals is used to “burn” away the top layer of skin, creating damage that causes the body to respond by making more collagen. You end up with younger-looking, smoother skin.
23. Dermabrasion. A vacuum suction device used in tandem with a mild chemical crystal, dermabrasion helps remove the top layer of skin cells and bring new, more evenly textured skin to the surface. In the process, fine lines and wrinkles seem to disappear.
1. Avoid sun damage. The #1 cause for premature aging is sun damage, almost 90%. Use sunblock when outdoors. Avoid sun exposure during peak hours (11 a.m. to 2 p.m.). Don’t smoke; smoking is the second most common cause of premature aging.
2. For your facial skin, incorporate a skincare regimen that includes exfoliation (salicylic and alpha hydroxy acids), hydration (hyaluronic acid), rejuvenation (retinol-based compounds) and nutrition (amino acids, vitamin C and E).
3. Lose weight slowly; do not exceed 1-2 pounds per week. While dieting, maintain your protein and nutritional needs (avoid starvation and dehydration). Preserve your muscle mass; incorporate strength training in your workout regimen.
4. Avoid fatty, processed foods that are high in sugars. Foods that have a high sugar content increase your circulating insulin levels. Elevated insulin leads to increased inflammation in your body. Elevated Inflammatory levels are linked to early cellular damage.
5. Opinions are mixed on whether facial exercises help or hurt sagging skin. Repeated facial expressions can etch lines and groves into facial skin that become permanent as the elastin in the skin loses its ability to snap back. On the other hand, books, magazines and the Internet abound with articles and programs touting facial exercise as a way of combating aging. Anyone interested in trying such a program should first consult with a doctor or dermatologist for advice or recommendations.Ultimately, our skin will lose some of its tone as we age, but with simple preventative measures, we can age gracefully and preserve our youthful appearance for decades. See second half of video below for some funny example by Mrs. Dixie Carter.
Part of sagging skin mean texture changes and the skin feels and looks thin but adding these thing can help prevent and or keep it at bay longer.
1. Exercise regularly and eat plenty of healthy foods to maintain your weight and prevent aging symptoms such as thin skin. Daily exercise such as walking, jogging or weight lifting will help keep your skin and muscles strong. Foods such as fresh fruits and vegetables provide your skin with antioxidants that are essential to fighting off free radicals that damage the skin.
2. Drink eight to 10 glasses of water per day to keep your skin hydrated, according to the University of Maryland Medical Center. Hydrated skin is at decreased risk of injury and thinning. Water flushes out harmful toxins that break down the skin’s supportive fibers.
3. Add fish oil or flax seed supplements to your diet. According to Ray Sahelian, M.D., a study published in the September 2008 edition of the “British Journal of Nutrition” found that some conditions that lead to thin skin might improve by adding fish oil or flax seed to the diet. Both elements are available as dietary supplements. Follow the instructions provided with the product for proper dosage.
4. Skin’s elasticity is dependent on the protein collagen, which is naturally present in skin but declines with age. Vitamin C stimulates collagen synthesis, as it produces the enzymes necessary to support collagen and the elastin matrix in the dermis layer of skin. It also produces a stable form of collagen and serves as an antioxidant that is critical in defending the skin against free radicals.
1. Avoid Excessive Sun Exposure
When travelling abroad to warmer climates it might be tempting to sit outside all day long, relax on the beach and go for a swim. However, doing this greatly increases your chances of developing skin cancer in the distant future.
Symptoms of melanoma do not become apparent until many years later. Age spots will develop earlier than they should if you prolong your stay in the sun. Keep this in mind and try to avoid peak solar hours from 10am-3pm, when UV rays are at their strongest.
2. Use Sun Cream on a Daily Basis
Even .if you are based in the UK where it rains all the time, on the rare event of that sunny day you should wear a little sun cream. Remember to cover up the most exposed areas including the: chest, face, arms, shoulders, stomach and legs.
For those travelling abroad, sun cream should be applied every couple of hours. Remember, you’re not used to the heat/sun exposure. If you want to become absolutely riddled with age spots, skin cancer and other skin problems then simply don’t invest in any skin protection!
3. Wear Protective Clothing
This may seem like an obvious point, however, thousands of us out there are guilty of not covering ourselves up properly when the sun is out. Yes, it’s fun to wear a bikini or tiny shorts but we need to think about the future! For the elderly in particular, to avoid the development of further age spots it would be best to invest in:
- A good hat that can protect against the sun
- Loose, long sleeved tops/dresses
- Loose, long skirts/shorts
- Kaftans/ sarongs
Good footwear that covers the exposed areas of the feet.
4. Follow a Antioxidant Rich Diet
Following an antioxidant rich diet holds many benefits for the human body. However, one of the main advantages of this diet includes the goodness it provides for our skin. Antioxidants are designed to aid in the regeneration and repair of the skin, which is damaged by a number of factors including constant exposure to UV rays and bacteria.
Antioxidants are particularly abundant in foods such as:
- Red peppers
- Roasted peanuts
5.Visit a Dermatologist
If you now consider yourself an elder and feel your age spots are a thorn in your side, you may want to visit your local dermatologist. Your dermatologist can also provide you with information on how to prevent age spots and assess your skin type to confirm whether you are in fact more likely to develop them in the future.
A dermatologist is an expert in treating a number of skin conditions and can provide the following treatments for age spots:
- Cryosurgery – uses liquid nitrogen to freeze the affected area. The treatment takes a couple of days to complete as the area scabs over and then falls off. Side effects include – redness, inflammation and blistering.
- Laser Surgery – an intense beam of light is focused on the affected area. The lasers come in many forms, dependent on your skin type/skin condition.
Each is designed to produce quick results in the safest manner. Side effects many include – changes in skin pigmentation.
- Chemical Peeling – used for cosmetic purposes usually and is intended to remove signs of aging such as wrinkles and age spots. There are several intensities of chemical peeling available depending upon the patients skin condition/type.
Variations of acids are used within these procedures and so side effects may include – redness, tight skin and infection.
Your dermatologist will perform a full analysis of your skin before issuing a type of treatment for your age spots. It is important to note that the way in which age spots form can actually mimic melanoma and so it is vital to visit your GP if you feel your skin is looking irregular. Make note of changes in skin pigmentation, irregularly shaped marks on the face and body and raised moles.